aplastic anemia

Aplastic anemia is a rare but very serious condition in which the patient's bone marrow stops producing red blood cells. In the past, the only treatments available were repeated red cell transfusions and injections of hormones to stimulate the bone marrow to resume red cell production. Recovery was rare. Now about 80% of pediatric patients are cured with bone marrow transplantation.

In pancytopenia, a related condition of bone marrow stem-cell failure, all cell lines are affected, including red and white cells as well as platelets.

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