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VICP, National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program
The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program, or VICP, is a program established by Congress which became effective October 1, 1988. It was established in response to the liability crisis surrounding children's vaccines. This crisis threatened to make DTP vaccine unavailable as well as to shut down development of newer and improved vaccines.
The program provides for no-fault style compensation for any child or adult suffering injury or death from any of the covered vaccines. The claimant or his or her family need only show one of the following to qualify:
Claims for vaccine injuries must be filed within 36 months after the first symptom appeared following vaccination, and effects of the injury must have continued for at least six months. Death claims must be filed within 24 months of death and within 48 months after onset of the vaccine-related injury from which the death occurred. Any vaccine added to the program is given eight years' retroactive coverage and a two year grace period after coverage to file retroactive claims.
* Time limits for individuals who receive the vaccine. No limit for contacts who suffer adverse event.
Additional information about this program, with directions for filing claims, may be found at the HHS, Health Resources and Services Administration, Healthcare Systems Bureau, Division of Vaccine Injury Compensation website.